Date & Time: Nov 15, 2009 at 0658 LT
Type of aircraft:
Cessna 208 Caravan
Operator:
Registration:
ZS-OTU
Flight Phase:
Takeoff (climb)
Flight Type:
Cargo
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Windhoek - Ondjiva - Huambo - Luanda
MSN:
208-0513
YOM:
1996
Country:
Namibia
Region:
Africa
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
1
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
2
Other fatalities:
0
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
The aircraft was completing a cargo flight to Ondjiva, Huambo and Luanda, Angola, with construction materials, paints and food stuff on board. Just after lift off from runway 19, the single engine aircraft crashed in the bush, one km from the airport. Two passengers and the pilot were killed while one passenger was seriously injured.
Probable cause:
The aircraft’s total weight at the time of take-off was 9691 pounds (4395 kg). The maximum certified take-off weight for this type of aircraft is 9062 pounds (4110 kg). The pilot had made one fundamental error in his weight calculation, by using an incorrect empty aircraft weight of 4575 pounds (2075 kg), instead of the correct weight of 5174 pounds (2347 kg). As a result, the aircraft’s maximum take-off weight was exceeded by 629 pounds (285 kg). The aircraft failed to maintain flying speed and stalled shortly after take-off, rendering ground impact inevitable.